Jul 13, 2012

Brazil is the biggest exporter of Indian breeds of cows. Gir cow now records over 62 litres/day in Brazil..



This majestic cow is from Brazil. Belonging to the Gir breed of Gujarat, this cow -- named She-ra -- clocked 62.033 litres of milk in a 3-day milk competition at the 40th Expaja in Brazil, beating her own record of 59.947 litres. While Indian cattle breeds are doing exceptionally fine abroad, the fascination of our own policy makers for exotic breeds seems to be never ending. Meanwhile, Brazil has emerged as the biggest exporter of Indian breeds of cows. Recently I wrote: "newspapers in Punjab reported that an American company -- World Wide Sires Ltd -- is planning to provide high quality semen to dairy farmers. Some days back, I had heard that the Kerala minister for Animal Husbandry was thinking of importing some improved cattle breeds from Denmark for cross breeding with local cows." [See my blog post: Holy Cows -- acclaimed abroad, despised at home. http://devinder-sharma.blogspot.in/2010/09/holy-cows-acclaimed-abroad-despised-at.html].

A few weeks back, Punjab Chief Minister Prakash Singh Badal announced the setting up of an advanced institute for dairy farming in Mohali. This will be a joint collaboration with an Israeli firm -- Dairy Farming Solutions -- and will impart latest technology to farmers to improve the milch cattle [Punjab to have advanced institute of dairy farming, http://post.jagran.com/punjab-to-have-advanced-institute-of-dairy-farming-1341507876].

Not only in Brazil, Indian cattle breeds have also been improved upon in the United States and Australia. In the US, the breed is called Brahman. Recently, after a study visit to Malaysia, Sagari Ramdas, the co-director of Anthra in Andhra Pradesh, wrote in the Down to Earth magazine: "On our visit to Malaysia, we were intrigued when we came across a cattle breed, which the farmers kept referring to as “the Brahman”. This was a complete mystery to us. Which Brahman came to Malaysia and named these cattle the Brahman?"

"On our visit to the government’s Department of Veterinary Services in the state of Selangor we saw photographs of the Grey Brahman, the Red Brahman and the Nellore—all part of a poster on cattle breeds of Malaysia. Not to mention that the Jamunapari goat also featured in the poster as a goat breed of the country. This intrigued us even further, but none of the veterinary officers could explain how the Nellore from Andhra Pradesh and the Jamunapari from Uttar Pradesh happened to figure in a poster on the breeds of Malaysia."

She came back and researched. "Brahman breed is a product of biopiracy of several Indian breeds, which occurred over 100 years ago, when India was a colony of the British Empire, when “pirates” of today’s “Empire”—and modern day “Brahman”, the US—spirited out a nucleus of approximately 266 bulls and 22 females of several Bos indicus (Indian cattle), imported them to the US between 1854 and 1926, and developed the breed.

According to the literature, the Brahman is the progeny of four Indian cattle breeds: the Kankrej and Gir from Gujarat, the Ongole (earlier known as the Nellore) from Andhra Pradesh, with the fourth breed being the “Gujarat”. But no such breed exists in the list of Indian cattle breeds.

The Brahman has become the most popular beef cattle breed in the southern parts of the US and in South America, Asia, and Australia because of its excellent adaptability to sub-tropical climates and its production abilities.

Brahman-type cattle were, in fact, imported to Australia from the US, and today the Australian Brahman is the mainstay of the northern beef industry of Australia. The Brahman in Malaysia has primarily been imported from Australia, which has a virtual monopoly in exporting the breed to several south-east Asian countries. So much so that Malaysia’s beef cattle industry is completely dependent on continued import of the Brahman from Australia [You can read the full article The loss of our breeds, Down to Earth, 2012-7-15. http://www.downtoearth.org.in/content/loss-our-breeds]."

This brings me back to the question I have been asking again and again. When will we begin to recognise our desi breeds of cows? Why is it that planners are averse to our own domestic breeds?

What is also little know is the fact that Indian cows and buffaloes produce a more nutritious milk than the exotic breeds like Jersey and Holstein-Friesian. A recent study by Karnal-based National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources (NBAGR) showed Indian cows have a rich A2 allele gene which helps them produce healthier milk. The frequency of this A2 allele in Indian breeds is 100 per cent whereas in exotic cattle breeds it is less than 60 per cent. Imported breeds posses A1 allele, which is considered to be associated with diabetes, obesity and cardiovascular diseases [Indian Cow, Buffalo breeds give healthier milk. http://news.outlookindia.com/items.aspx?artid=725938]. Why do we want the future generations to be sick with lifestyle diseases?

33 comments:

Anonymous said...

You are so right about India valuing its own cows. How strange to have them be imported back to India.

But there was a part of the article that stuck out as another issue. Who is behind this? Punjab to have advanced institute of dairy farming, http://post.jagran.com/punjab-to-have-advanced-institute-of-dairy-farming-1341507876

Given that the Punjab was the center of the Green Revolution and what Monsanto has already done to farming in India, and that Bill Gates and Monsanto are very interested in genetically engineering milk , this announcement seems a concern. "Advanced Institute" of dairy farming sounds disturbingly like biotech speak.

See Gates and Monsanto Go After Milk http://salem-news.com/articles/june122012/monsanto-gates-dp.php

Anne Sullivan
USA

Subodh said...

Veterinary experts of Govt of India have not accepted that A1 milk is health impairing , and therefore continue with their policy of destroying not only Indian cows, but making future Indian generations suffer diabetes obesity cancer etc. on epidemic scale. Govts world over have their own agenda. Europe is not much bothered because most of the European cows have more A2 allel. NZ farmers Unions have ignored their Govts' studied indecision on A1A2 milk and have moved on to convert their herd to A2. All the surplus unwanted A1 milk producing HF breed is to be dumped on India under the veil of helping growth of India' milk production.How can Indian Veterinary babus be made to understand the A1A2 politics of the world milk situation. US experts are already working to change the genes of HF to introduce A2 allel. Till then India is the favourite dumping ground for unwanted world HF.

kaps said...

this makes my head crack.... bio pirates....

Anonymous said...

i m agree with subodh sir.

Anonymous said...

Hi, do anyone have pure gir calf
I already have 3. Still required 2.

Subodh said...

Brazil Gir cows producing 65 liters Milk per day,are not a suitable model for India. All high milk yielding cows suffer from immense body mineral depletion after every calving. Normally all such cows have to be sent to slaughter houses after three or four Calving. We aim to get the optimum milk production from a cow in consideration of its body size. Thus Gir can be kept for up to 20 liters milk per day and provide more than 10 calving normally.

Hrishikesh Jobanputra said...

Mr. Devinder, You observations are valid and extremely notable. It's a very poor state of our mind-set that we are not giving enough attention to our own breeds and western nations are taking advantage of the same breed in many different ways. It hurts too much. But not anymore. We are on a mission to save our Gir Cows. We have started a Gaushala specifically to nurture and breed Gir Cows. Please take a look at our website >http://www.amrutgir.com/
I look forward to discuss these facts some more with you. It would be wonderful to have a few tips and insights from you to give us boost to our mission.

SEJ Johnsson said...

Here in Brasil the avarage milk production - Gir cow is 2.500 / 3.000 kg of milk in 310 days lactation.
This cow in the photo produce this amount in very, very, especial conditions, with a lot o food, and drugs too - hormones, BST, and ocitocine..and empty (no calf...).
Some breeders here keep the best cows empties (with no calf)...adn especial traitment..fodd etc...homrones, to produce very high lactations - as marketing, only...teh milk liter produecd from this cows cost more then 10 times the comercial price pay to the producer...
But yes..we have very good Gir, Kankrej, Sindi cows in apsture and normal maintence producing 2.500/3.000 per lactation and a calf every 14-16 months...
But we have plenty of water and very good grass, and soya, and corn, and other food for the cows....

Anonymous said...

Hi!
Been curious about the situation of desi cows so stumbled upon this blog. I am trying to move to desi cow milk and ghee with help of NGO swarg organics who are bangalore based. The price of milk is currently Rs 80 per L. Quantity is not yet consistent due to supply model/ health of cows. Scale and sourcing dont permit lower pricing. That also makes fresh desi cow milk a less viable option for many. Convenience of not boiling milk, storage etc that comes with tetrapack has also spoiled the upper middle class habit of buying state run dairy milk like nandini,aavin , making an effort to procure desi cow milk is a fantasy of the organic freak only! :(
Reading about the white revolution and subsequent field policies is frustrating, u feel cheated by the govt. Hope we wake up and shake up the babus soon while continuing to support local organiztions in protecting desi breeds and the farmers who feed us all.

Anonymous said...

Subodh says "Brazil Gir cows producing 65 liters Milk per day,are not a suitable model for India." However, the article states the cow 'She-ra -- clocked 62.033 litres of milk in a 3-day milk competition'. So, the article only states in a 3 day competition 62 + liters/milk was produced. I would presume this cow averaged 20 liters/day for a total of 62+ liters/day. It would be incredible for this type of production on a daily basis.

Anonymous said...

Agree with Subodh sir.........Thanks for your valuable advise.......Pawan Shakya

Anonymous said...

Thanks subodh sir......Pawan Shakya

nilesh suryawanshi said...

Thanks for ENLIGHTMENT
MUCH COOPERATIVE EFFOTS ARE NEEED

09922111447 said...

Hi All,

We wish to tell all my brother & lovers of desi cow & gir lovers that we are going to shortly open gir breeding center in Nagpur, Maharashtra. We will also try to produce desi cow ghee as well. Those interested can contact me on chetan@snaf.co.in

Kaushik Dana said...

Sir
west bengal me saare gou kaa katl kar diya jaa raha hai
andolan aur goraksha kanoon se hi gou mata ko bachana sambhaw hai.

kripaya koochh karen

psenthilraja said...

SIr.. Brazil and US are exploiting our breeds for commercial purposes like for beef and milk.. we cannot do the same here.. our cows have their natural adaptability and we should benchmark our cows based NOT just on milk but on various other roles it has in our society..

Our society did not have the attitude to exploit cows for milk.. bcoz milk was never commercialised.. it is only after advent of large metros by britishers, the rise of dairy industry started and exploitation of cows began..

the milk-fodder ratio is same whether a cow gives 2 litre milk or 20 litre milk.. instead of manipulating our cows to give more milk, we should be ready to increase number of cows to increase milk yield.. ONLY that would be sustainable and dharmic in the long run..

Sanjay Bhalla said...

Our experiment of Gir Cow sustainaibility has moved ahead. Milk from the GIR is so therapeutic & unbelievable results/testimonials are coming. We sell our milk at 120 a lt & almost 130 lts a day. We also sell the manure from the Gir cow & also the Biopesticide. both have amazing results. Distilled urine is being provided free to various customers for creating testimonials . Very shortly, we start therapies in a Spa in Delhi where we will mention the cream & the ghee from Gir .Anybody who does taste the Gir cow milk will know the value. Sanjay Bhalla Delhi

Miggy said...

Great Mr Bhalla. Hope many more people are able to sustain their business and desi cow welfare the way you are doing. Spa sounds more like a commercial offering, pl see if you can include ayurvedic therapies with Gir cow ghee rather than use it purely for 'beauty services'. Just a humble suggestion, dont take offence :)

Subodh said...

Congratulations Sanjay Bhalla ji for such pioneering efforts.

Manoj said...

Mr Sanjay Appreciate your out of the box thinking... great sustainable model... Need your input how we all like minded friends here can join together and make this nectar reach to all human , and make them to realize the importance of it & they will start respecting this breed.

Per my observation there are many people at least i know personally 20 spread across india& abroad who are ready to spend around 20 to 30 lakhs each to have a try with this initiative they really love to serve & protect .

i'm sure if all of us can share in this forum our ideas how we can make this a sustainable model we can definitely make some difference & gradually take it further.

Manoj
marp2015@gmail.com

Satya said...

I am planning to keep around 10 Gir cows in my farm around Pune ...any idea where I can get pure breed Gir cows

Anonymous said...

Dear all I have 40 gir cows near bangalore.it gives 6 to 8 ltrs per day.want to increase to 10 ltrs.I don't understand blood line.and in breeding.pls help 9902008677

Anonymous said...

dear Manoj STOP! pls don't get greedy on money! people like you raise cows in large numbers and then sell them for slaughter !
are you willing to feed them after milking age?
it is the same problem with dog lovers who leave them or their offspring on the streets.
you have experience the love and value of cows to understand why they are called Gods and not to kill.
seek and you shall know

Anonymous said...

you don't understand the value, STOP being greedy and let the animals serve you their best. Finally don't sell them for slaughter.
give them a variety of feed: green and dry - not just one type -

auriga7 said...

Looking to Import GIR cows from India to USA. Where do I begin?

Selvarajan Rajeshwaran said...

I am working in the field of dairy animal identification / information area. So, those who think they have some of the best Indian breed of cows / buffaloes may contact on my email id dr.waran@gmail.com with details of their animals. Am planning to put up an on-line directory of them. However, veracity of the data solely lies with you.

Padmakar Bhosale said...

I am from Maharashtra want to develop our Indian Breeds specially
Gir, Own a 60 cross breed cows. Lac of management is the key behind success of our Indian breeds. please let us know the pure Gir Cow breed availability , email-bhosalepb@yahoo.co.in mobile-7588046455

09922111447 said...

Hi

Pure Gir cows of 1 st & 2 nd lactations available. Min 8-10 ltrs per day milk output per day. To own a pure Gir cow, feel free to talk to us.

Cows can b supplied to all parts of India

Regards
Chetan K
0992211147

Pawan Sahu said...

Hi Chetan. Your number is not connecting. Please cal me on 8237524417 or mail me the price details of gir cows on my email id- pawansahu200@gmail.com

arun gowda said...

m frm karnataka im intersted to start cow forming ,,,plzz suggest best ,breeds arunshylan@gmail.com

Dharmishtha Goenka said...

I am so glad to see awareness spreading slowly. Supply of desi cow milk and ghee is the challenge especially in Mumbai. I have found in Mumbai 2 girls who have started this venture called Praakritik - they are supplying pure desi cows milk and ghee in MUMBAI. Contact their FB page for same. I fully support this movement for Desi Cows

Ankita Saxena said...

I was looking for articles on best milk in India and I came across yours inspiring read. Great post!

Paresh Patel said...

Come to guj